vendredi 9 décembre 2011

Nina Baym, NOVELS, READERS, AND REVIEWERS, Ithaca, Cornell University Press, 1984, 287 pages

Because they were so often staff people, the reviewers are most usefully thought of as members of the group that Frank Luther Mott has called "magazinists," that is, people who were professionally engaged in producing magazines. As such they were literary people of a certain sort, different from those who hoped to support themselves by occasional or even regular contributions to magazines, and again from those who aspired to great works of literary art. There was overlap among these three categories to be sure: Ann Stephens and Caroline Kirkland, for example, were prolific contributors to many journals as well as editors; Poe divided his energies between criticism and creation; T. S. Arthur thought of his journal as promoting his didactic reputation. In the main, however, magazinists were people who wrote for the moment, did not write fiction and poetry, and did not expect their work to endure. Nor were they, in the main - though clergymen and professors put out journals - the best-educated, most cultivated, or most leisured members of American society. (Neither, for that matter, were the group of writers now thought of as "major.")

p. 20-21

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